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Higher Education Institutions Enrolment (2017 - 2018)

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chart_higher-education-institutions-enrol_updated Created with Sketch. 30 000 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Number of People 19 022 UKZN 19 226 13 501 DUT 13 764 18 719 Wits 19 879 13 021 UCT 13 323 7 751 MUT 7 967 3 727 UniZulu 4 106 25 661 UP 25 841 2017 2018

The chart shows higher enrolment numbers in 2018 than 2017 for SET degrees at all universities shown. The University of Witwatersrand (Wits) had the highest number of new enrolments compared to the previous year, with 1,160 more students enrolled. Within KZN, the University of Zululand (UniZulu) had the highest number of new students enrolled for SET degrees in 2018 compared to 2017, with 379 new students. Overall, the University of Pretoria (UP) had the highest enrolment for SET degrees in both 2017 and 2018 with enrolment numbers of 25,661 and 25,841, respectively./p>

Higher Education Institutions Graduates (2017 - 2018)

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chart_higher-education-institutions-grads_updated Created with Sketch. 6 000 4 000 2 000 0 Number of People 3 683 UKZN 3 818 3 346 DUT 3 399 3 772 Wits 4 052 2 649 UCT 2 893 1 276 MUT 1 371 739 UniZulu 871 5 386 UP 5 596 2017 2018

The chart above shows the number of students who graduated from SET degrees in 2017 and 2018 for selected universities. All universities have a higher number of SET graduates in 2018 than 2017. UP had the highest number of students graduate from SET degrees in 2018 (5,596), followed by Wits (4,052) and then UKZN (3,818).

SET Enrolment And Graduate Ranking (2017 Vs 2018)

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table_set-enrol-and-grad-rank_updated.png Created with Sketch. Graduate Ranking 2017 6 9 19 24 1 4 11 7 Graduate Ranking 2018 7 9 19 23 1 5 10 4 Enrolment Ranking 2017 4 9 19 23 2 5 10 1 Enrolment Ranking 2018 5 9 19 23 2 4 10 1 UKZN DUT MUT UniZulu UP Wits UCT UNISA University Name

The University of South Africa (UNISA) maintained its number one position in terms of enrolment in 2018,followed by UP in second place. Wits improved in rankings to the fourth position, whereas, UKZN dropped one place to fifth position, and Durban University of Technology (DUT), Mangosuthu University of Technology (MUT) and UniZulu remained unchanged from 2017- 2018. In terms of graduates, UP maintained first place in 2018. Improvement in overall rankings were experienced by UNISA which moved from seventh to fourth place, the University of Cape Town (UCT) which moved from eleventh to tenth place, and UniZulu which moved from twenty fourth to twenty third place. UKZN and Wits both dropped one place from 2017 rankings.

Doctoral Degree Enrolment (2017 - 2018)

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chart_doctoral-degree-enrolment_updated Created with Sketch. 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 Number of People 3 164 UKZN 3 320 356 DUT 397 2 143 Wits 2 168 2 083 UCT 2 134 0 MUT 0 253 UniZulu 296 2 318 UP 2 307 2017 2018

The chart above shows enrolment into doctoral degree programmes in selected universities. Doctoral degree enrolment continues to rise at UKZN from 3,164 in 2017 to 3,320 in 2018. All other universities in the chart also show higher enrolment except UP and MUT. MUT had no Doctoral enrolments in both 2017 and 2018./p>

Doctoral Degree Graduates (2017 - 2018)

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chart_doctoral-degree-graduates_updated Created with Sketch. 500 400 300 200 100 0 Number of People 388 UKZN 497 33 DUT 65 283 Wits 280 277 UCT 195 0 MUT 0 32 UniZulu 38 354 UP 424 2017 2018

The chart above shows higher graduation numbers in 2018 for UKZN, DUT, UniZulu and UP compared to 2017 for doctoral degrees, whereas Wits and UCT show lower graduation numbers in 2018.

Doctoral Degree Enrolment and Graduate Ranking

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table_doctoral-degree-enrol-and-grad-rank_updated.png Created with Sketch. Graduate Ranking 2017 1 13 24* 17 2 5 6 4 Graduate Ranking 2018 1 14 24* 17 2 5 7 3 Enrolment Ranking 2017 1 15 24* 19 2 4 5 3 Enrolment Ranking 2018 1 16 24* 18 3 4 5 2 UKZN DUT MUT UniZulu UP Wits UCT UNISA University Name

UKZN remains in first place for both doctoral degree enrolment and graduation in South Africa in 2018. UNISA and UniZulu improved in the national doctoral enrolment rankings by one place whereas DUT and UP both dropped one place. UNISA improved one place on the doctoral graduate rankings, while UCT and DUT dropped one place.

UNISA Graduates (2017 - 2018)

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chart_unisa-grads_updated Created with Sketch. 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 3 621 SET 4 175 289 Doctoral 314 Number of People 2017 2018

The chart above suggests that enrolment for SET courses was very high at UNISA (38 837) in 2017, however, the university produced significantly lower SET graduates (3 621) compared to its enrolment and compared to graduation rates of other universities. In terms of doctoral degrees, enrolment is 2 287 and doctoral degree graduates in 2017 totalled 289, which ranks 4th out of 26 universities across the country..

UNISA Enrolment (2017 - 2018)

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chart_unisa-enrol_updated Created with Sketch. 50 000 40 000 30 000 20 000 10 000 0 38 837 SET 40 127 2 287 Doctoral 2 372 Number of People 2017 2018

The chart above shows that enrolment for SET degrees increased between 2017 and 2018, as did enrolment in doctoral degree programmes.

Overall Publication Output Units (2016 - 2018)

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chart_overall-publ-output-units_updated Created with Sketch. 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 Number of People UKZN 2 028 2 004 2 070 DUT 259 209 345 Wits 1 732 1 821 1 827 UCT 1 732 1 844 1 827 MUT 24 16 42 UniZulu 192 123 213 2 063 2 041 UP 2 054 2017 2016 2018

Between 2016 and 2018, KZN universities show an upward trend in publication outputs. Furthermore, UKZN produced the highest overall publication outputs in 2018.

Overall Publication Output Ranking (2016 - 2018)

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table_overall-publ-output-ranking_updated Created with Sketch. UP UKZN UCT Wits DUT UniZulu MUT University Name 2016 1 2 3 4 17 19 25 2017 1 2 6 3 16 18 24 2018 2 1 5 4 13 18 25

The overall national rankings across 26 universities show that in 2018, UKZN climbed to first place, followed closely by UP. Wits, UCT and MUT all dropped one place from 2017 rankings to fourth, fifth and twenty fifth, respectively in 2018. Whereas, DUT rose three places from 2017 to thirteenth in 2018.

Patents Lodged In South Africa 2016/17 - 2018/19

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chart_patents-lodged-in-south-africa Created with Sketch. 8 000 7 000 6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 Number of Patents 1 917 700 2016/17 6 503 1 806 683 2017/18 6 231 1 914 1 129 2018/19 5 528 Provisional Applications Local Applications International Applications

Patents are indicative of the amount of new knowledge and ideas that are generated. According to the South Afri…

Number of Innovation Events in KZN (and Virtual)

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The number of innovation events in 2020 within the KZN province were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and many events transitioned into the virtual space. A total of 40 events took place in 2020 compared to 53 in 2019.

GERD as a % of GDP by Province (2009/10 - 2017/18)

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chart_gerd-as-a-percent-of-gdp-by-province_updated Created with Sketch. 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0% 2011/12 2010/11 2013/14 2014/15 2012/13 2015/16 2017/18 2016/17 2009/10 Percentage Eastern Cape Mpumalanga Northern Cape North West Western Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu Natal Limpopo

In 2017/18, GERD as a percentage of GDP was highest in the Western Cape with 1.41%, which is an increase of 0.09% from the previous year. Gauteng follows with 1.04% in 2017/18, which is an increase of 0.01% from 2016/17. In third place is the Free State, which in 2017/18 had GERD as a percentage of GDP at 0.88%, a 0.10% increase from the previous year. KZN GERD as a percentage of GDP was 0.54% in 2017/18, an increase of 0.05% from 2016/17..

Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D as a % of GDP

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chart_gross-dom-exp-on-r-and-d-as-percent-of-gdp@1x Created with Sketch.

The figure above shows GERD as a percentage of GDP for KZN, Gauteng Province (GP) and the Western Cape (WC). The figur…

R&D Expenditure by Province

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chart_r-and-d-expend-by-province@1x Created with Sketch.

The figure above shows the annual R&D expenditure in rands for each of the 9 provinces in South Africa. The evidence f…

KZN R&D Expenditure by Source

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chart_r&d-expenditure-by-source_updated Created with Sketch. 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0% 2011/12 2010/11 2013/14 2014/15 2012/13 2015/16 2017/18 2016/17 2009/10 Percentage Higher Education Science Councils Sector Government Sector Non Profit Sector Business Sector

Business sector contributions make up the largest share of R&D expenditure (40%), followed by the higher education sector (34%), the science councils sector (13%), the not-for-profit sector (8%) and lastly the government sector (5%). All sectors increased the amount invested in R&D in 2017/18..

Number Of Investments (2008 - 2018)

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chart_number-of-investments-per-year-by-savca@1x Created with Sketch.

The chart shows that there has been a steady increase in the number of investments since 2015. At the end of 2018 there were 181 investment deals which suggests increased confidence and interest in South African industries.

Value Contribution by Stage of Deal, 2017 vs 2018

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chart_value-contribution-by-stage-of-deal_updated Created with Sketch. Seed Startup Later-Stage Growth Buyout Rescue Replacement 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 0% 2.0% 4.8% 42.2% 20.0% 33.7% 0.5% 1.6% 0.0% 41.1% 19.4% 29.4% 1.7% 0.1% Stage of Deal Capital Percentage Contribution 2017 2018

The chart above is a national view of the spread of investment value according to the stage of the deal. The chart shows that in 2018, the majority of investment deals in terms of value (42.2%), went towards the start-up phase. This was followed by 29.4% share invested in the growth stage and 19.4% share in later-stage deals. The contributions for these three stages of deals declined since 2017, whereas the share of investments towards seed, buyout, rescue/turnaround and replacement increased in 2018.

Value Contribution by Location of Investee Head Office, 2017 vs 2018

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chart_value-contr-location-of-investee-head-office_updated Created with Sketch. 50 40 30 20 10 0 Percentage 42.5 44.7 Gauteng 6.8 2.8 KwaZulu-Natal 48.2 49.0 Western Cape 2.2 3.1 Rest of SA 0.3 0.4 Non-SA 2017 2018

The chart above shows that in 2018, the majority share of investment (value) went to investees with head offices in the Western Cape (48.2%). Investees with head offices in Gauteng received 42.5% of the share of investment. Although investees with head offices in KZN received a significantly lower share of investment at 6.8%, this is more than double the share received in 2017 (2.8%).

National Senior Certificate Performance in Mathematics (2017 - 2019))

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chart_national-senior-cert-perf-in-maths_new Created with Sketch. 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Number of Students (Passed with 40% or More) EC FS GP KZN LP MP NW NC WC 2018 2017 2019

The chart above shows the number of matriculants who passed the maths subject with a pass mark of 40% and above between 2017 and 2019. The chart demonstrates that KZN has the highest number of maths graduates across all three years, however, 10% fewer students passed Maths in 2019 than in 2018. This trend aligns with a reduced pass rate - 1.4% fewer students passed in 2019 than in 2018. Western Cape has the highest pass rate for Maths at 52.6%, despite having fewer graduates.

National Senior Certificate Performance in Physical Sciences (2017 - 2019)

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chart_national-senior-cert-perf-in-physical-science_new Created with Sketch. 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Number of Students (Passed with 40% or More) EC FS GP KZN LP MP NW NC WC 2018 2017 2019

The chart above shows the number of matriculants who passed the maths subject with a pass mark of 40% and above between 2017 and 2019. The chart demonstrates that KZN has the highest number of maths graduates across all three years, however, 10% fewer students passed Maths in 2019 than in 2018. This trend aligns with a reduced pass rate - 1.4% fewer students passed in 2019 than in 2018. Western Cape has the highest pass rate for Maths at 52.6%, despite having fewer graduates.

Students who completed N3 Engineering Studies (2018)

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chart_students-who-completed-n3-eng-studies_new Created with Sketch. 8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000 0 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% 3 758 EC 2 060 FS 6 512 GP 6 535 LP 3 708 MP 1 100 NW 579 NC 2 914 WC 7 627 KZN Number of Students Completion Rate (%) Completion Rate Number Completed

The chart above shows that KZN TVET colleges had the highest number of students complete N3 Engineering studies (7,627), followed by Limpopo (6,535) and Gauteng (6,512). In terms of completion rate, students in the Western Cape experienced the highest completion rate (89.2%), followed by Eastern Cape (88.3%) and the Free State (87.5%).

Students who completed N6 Engineering Studies (2018)

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chart_students-who-completed-n6-eng-studies_new Created with Sketch. SOURCE : Department of Higher Education and Training (2020) 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% 2 142 EC 995 FS 2 613 GP 2 771 LP 878 MP 372 NW 3 NC 1 123 WC 2 617 KZN Number of Students Completion Rate (%) Completion Rate Number Completed

The chart above illustrates that Limpopo, KZN and Gauteng had the highest number of students complete N6 level Engineering Studies with 2,771, 2,617 and 2,613, respectively. As in N3 level, completion rates for N6 level in Engineering Studies was highest amongst Western Cape students (88.4%), followed by Eastern Cape (86.4%) and Free State (85.8%).

Trademark Applications in South Africa (2016-2018)

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chart–trademark-applications-in-south-africa_new Created with Sketch. 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 21 289 16 880 2016 22 740 15 543 2017 22 948 16 188 2018 Number of Patents Residents Non-Residents

Trademark applications by South African residents increased year-on-year during this period. In 2018, trademark applications totalled 22,948 compared to 21,289 in 2016. Trademark applications by non-residents in 2018 (16,188) rose from the previous year (15,543), however, they were lower than in 2016 (16,880).

BERD as a % of GDP by Province (2009/10 - 2017/18)

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chart_berd-as-a-percentage-of-gdp-by-province_new Created with Sketch. 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0% 2011/12 2010/11 2013/14 2014/15 2012/13 2015/16 2017/18 2016/17 2009/10 Percentage Eastern Cape Mpumalanga Northern Cape North West Western Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu Natal Limpopo

In terms of business expenditure on R&D, the chart above shows that in 2017/18 Gauteng’s BERD as a percentage of GDP was the highest at 0.50% (up from 0.49% in 2016/17), followed by the Free State at 0.45% (unchanged from 2016/17) and Western Cape at 0.44% (up from 0.41% in 2016/17). The graph shows that BERD as a percentage of GDP in 2009/10 was higher than in 2017/18 for a number of provinces such as the Free State, Gauteng, Western Cape and KZN. BERD as a percentage of GDP was 0.27% for KZN in 2009/10 and has decreased to 0.22% in 2017/18.

Value Contribution by Type of Fund (2018)

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chart_value-contr-by-type-of-fund_new Created with Sketch. Captive Other 11.3% Captive Government 33.7% Captive Corporate 15.7% Independent Funds 35.1% Angel Investors 4.2%

In 2018, the profile of funds that were managed by venture capitalists were made up mostly of independent funds (35.1%), followed closely by captive government funds (33.7%). Angel investors, who are critical for early stage investment made up 4.2% of funds.

Value of Investments (2009-2018)

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chart_value-of-investments_new Created with Sketch. 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 242 2009 194 2010 211 2011 288 2012 183 2013 273 2014 372 2015 872 2016 1 160 2017 1 516 2018 Value of Investments (R,Millions)

The chart above shows an upward trend in the value of investments since 2013. In 2018 the total value of investments was R1,516 million which is an increase of 30.69% from 2017. Over 40% of investment value went toward the manufacturing, food and beverage, medical devices and equipment, and energy sectors.

Internet Access by Province (2018)

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chart_internet-access-by-province_new Created with Sketch. 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 72.4% WC 55.3% EC 55.4% NC 65.8% FS 59.4% KZN 58.9% NW 74.6% % GP 70.2% MP 46.2% LP 64.7% National Percentage Access

The chart shows that Gauteng households have the most access to internet connectivity (74.6%), followed by the Western Cape (72.4%) and Mpumalanga (70.2%). Internet access for KZN households (59.6%) was below the national average (64.7%) in 2018.

Internet Access by Metro (2018)

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chart_internet-access-by-metro_new Created with Sketch. 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 79.7% CPT 66.2% Buffalo City 77.6% NMBM 71.5% Mangaung 66.6% eThekwini 79.9% Ekurhuleni 74.7% JHB 72.2% Tshwane Percentage Access

Approximately 72-80% of households located in metro areas have access to the internet. However, in eThekwini and Buffalo City, 66.6% and 66.2% of households had access to the internet in 2018, respectively.

Internet Access by Geotype (2018)

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chart_internet-access-by-geotype_new Created with Sketch. 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 74.5% All Metros 72.5% Rural 47.6% Traditional Areas 40.2% Farms Percentage Access

The chart above shows that from a national perspective, there is no significant difference in household internet access across metros (74.5%) and rural areas (72.4%). However, households in traditional areas and farms experience more exclusion from connectivity with 47.6% and 40.2% of households having internet access, respectively.

Number of Innovation Funds

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