GERD as a % of GDP by Province (2009/10 - 2017/18)

In 2017/18, GERD as a percentage of GDP was highest in the Western Cape with 1.41%, which is an increase of 0.09% from the previous year. Gauteng follows with 1.04% in 2017/18, which is an increase of 0.01% from 2016/17. In third place is the Free State, which in 2017/18 had GERD as a percentage of GDP at 0.88%, a 0.10% increase from the previous year. KZN GERD as a percentage of GDP was 0.54% in 2017/18, an increase of 0.05% from 2016/17.

NOTE: Calculations based on R&D expenditure for financial years whereas GDP is based on calendar years